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Explore the history behind Local Law 11 and some commonly asked FAQs that we've answered for you!

The History of Local Law 11


A piece of masonry fell from the façade of a building in Manhattan, tragically killing a pedestrian. This led to the enactment of Local Law 10.


New York City experienced several exterior wall failures causing them to then enact Local Law 11. This expanded the inspection requirements that were originally listed in Local Law 10.


The program is renamed FISP (Façade Inspection & Safety Program) and new filings were introduced.


The 7th cycle of the program was introduced and now required inspections of guardrails, balconies, and fire escapes.


The 8th cycle of the program is enacted and reports must now include handrail and guardrail elements as well.


What is Local Law 11?: The Façade Inspection and Safety Program, also known as Local Law 11, is a set of regulations that address issues with building’s exterior wall and their appurtenances in New York City.

How does Local Law 11 work?: Buildings over 6 stories high must be inspected every 5 years. After that inspection, a report must be filed with the condition and classification of the building. If the building is determined to be in need of repairs, the building owner is required to have those repairs completed or face multiple different fines.

How are buildings classified after an inspection?: Buildings are classified as SAFE, UNSAFE, or SAFE with a Repair and Maintenance Program (SWARMP).

  • SAFE means that there is no need for repairs and will not become unsafe in the next 5 years.

  • UNSAFE means that the building’s condition is hazardous and requires prompt repair.

  • SWARMP means that the building is currently safe but will need maintenance over the next 5 years, before another inspection would be done.

What does Local Law 11 include?: The main focus of Local Law 11 is building exterior walls, windows, and appurtenance. These appurtenances can be anything that is attached to the buildings façade. Things like signs, flag poles, copings, guardrails, parapets, window frames, flower boxes, window A/C units, balcony enclosures, and any other exterior fixtures

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